The Maldives was written by Ptolemy, a Greek astronomer, mathematician and geographer in the second century. He mentioned the 1378 islands in the west of Sri Lanka, referring to the Maldives. Since then, many navigators have repeatedly mentioned the Maldives: Pappus Alexandria at the end of the 14th century referred to the island of Taprobane and 1,370 adjacent islands.
The Thebes Scholasticus sailed to the coast of Malabar, India, and he mentioned “a thousand islands and the sinister environment there: because the magnetic coast there will cause the tin boat to sink and resurrect”.
The Persian businessman Suleiman once crossed the Indian Ocean. He wrote: “There is nearly 1,900 islands on this ocean called Herkend. The ruler is a woman, and the wealth is not countable.” He also followed Zheng He’s long-distance fleet to East Africa in 1433. He confirmed in his coastal investigation that merchant ships came to the Maldives to trade and buy the ropes here.
The Republic of Maldives, formerly known as the Maldives Islands, is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean. It is about 600 km south of India and about 750 km southwest of Sri Lanka. Twenty-six natural atolls and 1,192 coral islands are distributed in 90,000 square kilometers of seas, of which about 200 are inhabited. With a land area of only 298 square kilometers, it is the smallest country in Asia.