Manama is the capital of Bahrain, the country’s largest city, and a national political, economic, transportation, trade and cultural center. It is also an important financial center, an important port and a trade transit station in the Gulf region, and enjoys the reputation of “Pearl of the Persian Gulf”. Manama is located in the middle of the Persian Gulf, northeast of Bahrain.
The Islamic Chronicle mentions that Manama dates back at least to 1345. It was then ruled by the Portuguese from 1521 and later ruled by the Persians from 1602.
Manama has been ruled by the Arab Emir family since 1783, although there have been several interruptions during the period. Manama was declared a free port in 1958 and became the capital of independent Bahrain in 1971.